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Diabetes is due to either the pancreas not producing enough insulin or the cells of the body not responding properly to the insulin produced.  

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Following is from NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.

"Symptoms include frequent urination, increased thirst, and increased hunger.  Acute complications can include diabetic ketoacidosis, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state, cardiovascular disease, stroke, chronic kidney disease, foot ulcers, damage to the eyes, or death.
Diabetes is a disease in which your blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are too high. Glucose comes from the foods you eat. Insulin is a hormone that helps the glucose get into your cells to give them energy.

 

With type 1 diabetes, your body does not make insulin.

With type 2 diabetes, the more common type, your body does not make or use insulin well. Without enough insulin, the glucose stays in your blood.

You can also have prediabetes. This means that your blood sugar is higher than normal but not high enough to be called diabetes. Having prediabetes puts you at a higher risk of getting type 2 diabetes.

 

Over time, having too much glucose in your blood can cause serious problems. It can damage your eyes, kidneys, and nerves. Diabetes can also cause heart disease, stroke and even the need to remove a limb. Pregnant women can also get diabetes, called gestational diabetes.
Blood tests can show if you have diabetes. One type of test, the A1C, can also check on how you are managing your diabetes. Exercise, weight control and sticking to your meal plan can help control your diabetes. You should also monitor your blood glucose level and take medicine if prescribed."


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REFERENCE WEBSITES

American Diabetes Association has a mission to prevent and cure diabetes and to improve the lives of all people affected by this disease.  Their site has helpful information on research, healthy eating, exercise and diabetes treatments.  You can call them, do online chat and also find local resources on their website.  Their youtube channel contains a lot of informational videos.

CDC Center for Disease Control and Prevention provides national leadership and support for the implementation of a high-impact prevention approach to reducing new diabetes cases by using combinations of scientifically proven, cost-effective, and scalable interventions and prevention strategies directed towards the most vulnerable populations in the US who are most affected by, or at greater risk for diabetes.

International Diabetes Federation is an umbrella organization of over 230 national diabetes associations in 170 countries and territories. It represents the interests of the growing number of people with diabetes and those at risk. The Federation has been leading the global diabetes community since 1950.

National Diabetes Education Program works with partners to reduce the burden of diabetes and pre-diabetes by facilitating the adoption of proven approaches to prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes and the complications of diabetes.

Nutrition.gov provides easy access to vetted nutrition information from across the federal government. It serves as a gateway to reliable information on nutrition, healthy eating, physical activity, and food safety for consumers.

CLINICAL TRIALS

Centerwatch provides a list of clinical trials for Diabetes

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